Full details about the Belbin copyright relating to the use of the original paper-based version of the Self Perception Inventory.

Have you ever completed a Belbin questionnaire but didn’t get a detailed .pdf report with your results? Have you ever added up the scores yourself? You may have seen or found a document that claims to be a Belbin test.

If so you were probably breaking Belbin’s copyright and you definitely missed out on the real Belbin.

So what’s the difference?

Belbin questionnaires can only be completed through our purpose built computer system, which analyses the results, comparing your scores to thousands of others and taking in the feedback of your colleagues for a full 360 degree view. We produce a detailed, unique and informative report which shows your whole spectrum of strengths and weaknesses – not just “which Team Role am I?”

We frequently receive enquiries requesting information on the copyright of Belbin materials. In particular, the use of the self-scoring paper Self-Perception Inventory (SPI) originally published in Meredith Belbin’s book, Management Teams:  Why They Succeed or Fail (1981). To clarify our position, we own the copyright and do not allow this questionnaire to be reproduced in any form. Individuals may have purchased the book (1st and 2nd editions) and completed the SPI for their own personal development, but any copying/adapting or wider usage is an infringement of copyright. The 3rd edition of Management Teams:  Why They Succeed or Fail does not contain any inventories.

What’s wrong with self-scoring?

We do not allow the use of the self-scoring questionnaire. Apart from its reproduction being a breach of our copyright, it is:

  • Obsolete (no Specialist role)
  • Lacking the balance of observer input
  • Not properly normed
  • Does not offer any Team Role advice.

Remember, there is no free Belbin Questionnaire or free Belbin Test. If you are interested in using Belbin legitimately and purchasing Belbin Reports then please click here.

If you are unsure about the testing your organisation is using, or would like further advice, please contact us.

We will, and do, take legal action against companies and individuals using unauthorised versions.

How can we help you?

Contact us to submit a business inquiry online.


It was only after the initial research had been completed that the ninth Team Role, Specialist emerged. In the real world, the value of an individual with in-depth knowledge of a key area came to be recognised as yet another essential team contribution.


Teamworkers helped the team to gel, using their versatility to identify the work required and complete it on behalf of the team.


Challenging individuals, known as Shapers, provided the necessary drive to ensure that the team kept moving and did not lose focus or momentum.

Completer Finisher

– Completer Finishers were most effectively used at the end of a task, to “polish” and scrutinise the work for errors, subjecting it to the highest standards of quality control.

Resource Investigator

When the team was at risk of becoming isolated and inwardly-focused, Resource Investigators provided inside knowledge on the opposition and made sure that the team’s idea would carry to the world outside the team.


The first Team Role to be identified was the Plant. The role was so-called because one such individual was “planted” in each team. They tended to be highly creative and good at solving problems in unconventional ways.

Monitor Evaluator

One by one, the other Team Roles began to emerge. The Monitor Evaluator was needed to provide a logical eye, make impartial judgments where required and to weigh up the team’s options in a dispassionate way.


Implementers were needed to plan a practical, workable strategy and carry it out as efficiently as possible.


Co-ordinators were needed to focus on the team’s objectives, draw out team members and delegate work appropriately.

Looking to buy Belbin reports?